Ubuzima

Zimwe mu ndwara z’ibyorezo zabayeho zikoreka imbaga

Tariki 11/03/2020 ishami ry’umuryango w’abibumbye ryita ku buzima (OMS/WHO) ryashyize indwara ya COVID-19 ku rutonde rw’indwara z’ibyorezo dore ko mu bihugu 159 biri ku isi imaze kugaragara mu bihugu 91 kandi biracyiyongera. Indwara yitwa icyorezo iyo yafashe ibihugu byinshi by’isi mu gihe gito cyangwa se ikaba yayogoje imbaga y’abantu ku buryo budasanzwe.
Nyamara iyi si yo ndwara yonyine yiswe icyorezo ahubwo hari izindi ndwara zabayeho mu mateka zikitwa ibyorezo nubwo nyinshi muri zo ubu zitacyibukwa.
Muri iyi nkuru tugiye kuvuga zimwe muri zo

9. Icyorezo cya Athens

Iki cyorezo cyabayeho kera cyane muri 430 BC (mbere yuko Yezu avuka) kikaba cyaribasiye agace ka Athens mu Bugiriki. Yari indwara yandura aho mu myaka 3 gusa yari imaze gufata abagera mu 100000 kandi abarenga 1/4 mu bayanduye yarabahitanye. Ushobora kumva uyu mubare ari muto, ariko ugereranyije n’uko isi yari ituwe icyo gihe, aba bantu ni benshi cyane. Nanubu iyo ndwara ntirabonerwa izina, icyayiteraga, gusa ntikiriho

8. Umuriro wo mu ntambara

Nubwo iyi ndwara yahawe amazina anyuranye, umuriro wo muri gereza, umuriro wo mu nkambi ariko ubushakashatsi bwaje kwerekana ko ari indwara ya typhus yarimo ibica bigacika. Yagaragaye mu gihe cy’intambara ya mbere y’isi mu Burusiya, Pologne na Romania yongera kuboneka aho bafungiraga abantu mu ntambara ya 2 y’isi. Yahitanye miliyoni nyinshi z’abantu, gusa kuri ubu, isuku irahagije mu kuyirinda

7. Ubushita

Ushobora kubyumva ukabyita amakabyankuru ariko hari igihe cyabayeho iyi iba indwara y’icyorezo cyane cyane mu bihugu by’Uburayi. Mu 1633 no mu 1790 ariko yaje gufata muri Amerika ijyanyweyo n’abanyaburayi bahimukiraga. Aba ba kavukire kuko umubiri wabo wari utaramenya iyi ndwara, yaraboretse ku bwinshi, gusa yaje gushira mu 1949, nubu ntirongera kugaragara

6. Ibicurane byo muri Aziya

Iyi ni indwara yafataga mu buhumekero, ikaba yarahawe izina rya H2N2. yahitanye abagera mu 70000 hagati ya 1957 na 1958, ni ukuvuga igihe cy’umwaka umwe. Igitangaje kuri yo yatangiye ubona bidakanganye ariko ubwo abana basubiraga ku ishuri, abayirwaye bayanduzaga abandi, bajya mu biruhuko bayanduza imiryango yabo. Yanduriraga mu buhumekero. Yabanje kwibasira abana n’abagore batwite nyuma ifata noneho abakuze.

5. Igituntu

Nubu kiri mu ndwara z’ibyorezo nubwo kiri mu ndwara zikingirwa dore ko buri masegonda 25 ku isi haba hari umuntu umwe gihitanye.
Ni indwara yandura, ifata mu myanya y’ubuhumekero. Kuri ubu gitizwa umurindi no kuba umuntu afite ubudahangarwa bucye, cyane cyane abafite agakoko gatera SIDA.

4. Icyorezo cya Justinien

Nyuma y’uko ingoma y’abaromani isenyutse, hadutse ubwami bukomeye muri 527 AD, bukaba Empire Byzantine (abize amateka barabyumva cyane). muri icyo gihe umwami w’abami yari Justinien nuko icyorezo kitarasobanuka cyaduka mu bahinzi n’abubatsi ku buryo uwo cyafataga atamaraga iminsi 5, kandi cyafashe mu bwami bwose. Ingaruka yabaye nyuma ni inzara yayogoje ubwami kuko abahinzi benshi bari bashize.

3. HIV/AIDS

Iyi yo ntituyivugaho byinshi kuko kuva yavumburwa mu 1981 imaze guhitana umubare mwinshi ndetse ubu nabwo baracyapfa nubwo imiti igabanya ubukana bwayo yamaze kuboneka. Kugeza ubu iza mu ndwara za mbere zihitana benshi ku isi. Kuyirinda bisaba kwifata, kudaca inyuma uwo mwashakanye no gukoresha agakingirizo.

2. Ibicurane bya Espagne

Ibi bicurane nubwo bitafashe igice kinini ku isi ariko byafashe umubare munini dore ko abo byahitanye baruta kure abapfuye mu ntambara ya mbere y’isi yose. Yahitanye abarenga 650000

1. Urupfu rwirabura

Iki ni icyorezo cyadutse mu 1330 mu Bushinwa, ariko kubera ubucuruzi bwambukiranya imipaka cyaje gukwira Uburayi bwose. Kwitwa urupfu rwirabura ni uko uwo cyahitanaga wese yabaga afite utudomagure twirabura ku ruhu rwe. Mu myaka 5 cyamaze cyahitanye abasaga miliyoni 25, bangana na 1/3 cy’abari batuye Uburayi icyo gihe. Ni cyo cyorezo n’ubu kikiri ku rutonde rwa mbere mu guhitana benshi mu gihe kingana gutyo.
Uru rutonde rero ubu rwanagezeho COVID-19 nubwo yo itarahitana benshi cyane nk’ibyo tuvuze ariko yamaze gufata ibihugu byinshi kandi kugeza ubu nta muti uhamye n’urukingo biraboneka. Kwita ku mabwiriza y’isuku, kutegera uwabonetsweho n’ibimenyetso, kutajya mu duce yamaze kubonekamo, byagufasha kuyirinda

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