Ubuzima

Angine: Byinshi usabwa kumenya kuri yo

Angine ni indwara yo kubyimba no kubabara mu muhogo mu gace k’akamironko (pharynx) bitewe na mikorobi.
Mikorobi zitera angine zirimo amoko 2 hari angine iterwa na virusi hakabaho na angine iterwa na bagiteri. Gusa angine itewe na virusi niyo ifata abantu benshi aho ifata hagati ya 50% na 90% by’abarwayi bayo.
Iyi ndwara yibasira cyane cyane abakiri bato gusa n’abakuze barayirwara.
Angine itewe na bagiteri iterwa na mikorobi yitwa streptocoque (soma sitireputokoke) ikaba yibasira cyane abantu barengeje imyaka 3.

Angine ivurwa ite?

Nkuko twavuze ko ziterwa na mikorobi zo mu bwoko 2 butandukanye. Kuzivura nabyo biratandukanye.
Ku mwana uri munsi y’imyaka 3, akenshi angine iba yatewe na virusi, gukora ibizami ntibiba bikiri ngombwa.
Imiti ahabwa ni iyo kugabanya uburibwe no kongerera ingufu ubudahangarwa bw’umubiri we.
Umuti w’ibanze ni paracetamol, gusa na ibuprofen arayemerewe mu gihe afite ibiro biri hejuru ya 7.
Ku mwana urengeje imyaka 3 kimwe n’umuntu mukuru, hakorwa ikizami cyihuse cyo kureba neza icyateye iyo angine. Mu gihe bidashoboka gukora icyo kizamini, hari ibimenyetso 3 muganga areberaho:
  1. Inkorora
  2. Umuriro
  3. Kubyimba mu muhogo
Niba umurwayi akorora, akaba adafite utubyimba mu muhogo, akaba adafite umuriro cg afite mucye, nta kabuza iyo angine yatewe na virusi. Ahabwa imiti yo kugabanya ububabare nka paracetamol, ibuprofen cyangwa aspirin. Gusa twibutseko aspirin ku mwana itemewe cyane cyane ari munsi y’imyaka 18.
Aha wemerewe gukoresha ubuki, n’igi ribisi, icyayi cya tisane (uruvange rw’umucyayicyayi, teyi, umwenya, indimu n’ibindi) kuko byongerera imbaraga umubiri
Iyo rero umurwayi adakorora, akaba afite umuriro mwinshi kandi mu muhogo habyimbye, ku buryo iyo ukozeho inyuma wumva habyimbye, umuti w’ibanze ni amoxicillin, cloxacillin cg Peni-V kuko icyo gihe iyo angine iba yatewe na bagiteri.
Aha twibutseko bagitirimu (Bactrim /cotrimoxazole) itagishyirwa mu miti iyivura nubwo ikoreshwa cyane n’abantu benshi.
Indi miti yemewe ni augmentin, cefotriaxone, cefixime, azithromycin n’indi yo mu bwoko bwa antibiyotike mu gihe iyo twavuze mbere itabasha kuvura. Gusa yaba iyi cyangwa iyavuzwe mbere muganga niwe wemerewe kuyikwandikira.

NTUGOMBA NA RIMWE KUNYWA IMITI YA ANTIBIYOTIKE MUGANGA ATAYIKWANDIKIYE. IYI MITI UMURWAYI AGOMBA KUYINYWA AKAYIMARA. GUSA IYO HASHIZE IMINSI 3 NTA GIHINDUKA UGOMBA GUSABA MUGANGA KUGUHINDURIRA.

Angine yakwirindwa ite?

Byaragaragaye ko akenshi zikara mu gihe cy’ubukonje kuruta mu gihe cy’ubushyuhe. Niyo mpamvu tugiye kurebera hamwe ibyo wakora ngo wirinde.
  • Ifubike bihagije cyane cyane mu gihe cy’ ubukonje no mu gihe cya nimugoroba.
  • Kuvuga usakuza no kwikokomora byirinde cyane kuko byangiza inyama zo mu muhogo
  • Irinde kunywa ibintu bikonje.
  • Hagarika kunywa itabi burundu 
  • Gerageza kuba ahantu hari umwuka mwiza ufungure amadirishya mu nzu hagere umwuka n’umuyaga.
  • Jya unywa ibintu bishyushye kandi birimo ubuki niba wabubona hafi.
  • Mu gihe uri kumva mu mihogo hari guhinduka, nywa tisane; uru ni uruvange rwa romari, teyi, umwenya n’ umucyayicyayi indimu n’ibindi, ushyiremo ubuki.
  • Shaka ibumba ry’ icyatsi uritobe mu mazi meza, ushire ku gitambaro uzingurize mu ijosi bimareho iminota 10.
  • Ryama uruhuke bihagije kandi wirinde stress muri wowe.

Izi nama nuzikurikiza bizakugabanyiriza kuba warwara iyi ndwara.

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